Many.roblems can be treated with much greater success when caught early. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2015. There is usually a history of other systemic disease, such as diabetes or high blood pressure. Retinal capillaries may also become closed off resulting in poor retinal nutrition. Strict control of blood sugar and blood pressure levels can greatly reduce or prevent diabetic retinopathy. Neovascularization can even grow on the coloured part of the eye iris. For more details about complications and symptoms, see symptoms of retinopathy . Macular oedema is a swelling of the macula, caused by the leakage of fluid from retinal blood vessels. If a blood vessel has leaked into the vitreous humour and scarring has occurred, your doctor may advise you to have a vitrectomy.
This.an lead to bleeding haemorrhage and fluids, cells, and proteins leaking into the area exudate. For more details about complications and symptoms, see symptoms of retinopathy . Focal/grid laser is sometimes applied before anti-VEGF injections, sometimes on the same day or a few days after an anti-VEGF injection, and sometimes only when DBE fails to improve adequately after six months of anti-VEGF therapy. Certain medications can affect different areas of the retina.